Friday, February 10, 2006

Rashtra Kavi : Ramdhari Singh "DINKAR"


Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar' (रामधारी सिंह दिनकर) (1908 - April 24, 1974) was one of the most famous modern Hindi poets. He emerged as a rebellious poet with his nationalist poetry in pre-Independence days.
Dinkar was born at the Simariya village in Begusarai district of Bihar in a Bhumihar family. As a student, Dinkar's favorite subjects were history, politics and philosophy. He studied Hindi, Sanskrit, Bengali, Urdu and English literature. Dinkar was greatly influenced by Iqbal, Rabindranath Tagore, Keats and Milton.
In his early days, Dinkar supported the revolutionary movement during the Indian Independence struggle. But later, he became a Gandhian. However, he used to call himself a 'Bad Gandhian' because he supported the feelings of indignation and revenge among the youth. In Kurukshetra, he accepts that the war is destructive, but says that it is necessary for the protection of freedom.
Dinkar was awarded the Jnanpith Award in 1972 for Urvashi, a work of poetry, published in 1961. The theme of Urvashi revolves round love, passion, and relationship of man and woman on a spiritual plain, distinct from their earthly relationship. The name Urvashi is derived from the name of an Apsara of the same name (Urvashi), a celestial damsel of the court of Hindu mythological god, Indra.

Major poetical works
Renuka, Hunkaar, Dwandwageet, Saamdheni, Rasavanti, Baapu, Kurukshetra, Rashmirathi, Urvashi, Dhoop aur Dhuan, Itihaas ke aansoo, Neel Kusum.

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